What are Cannabidiol (CBD) Oils and how do they work?
Cannabidiol – also known as CBD – is one of the many chemical compounds present in the cannabis plant. These naturally occurring chemical compounds are referred to as cannabinoids.
Cannabidiol oils contain high concentrations of CBD. They are formulated by extracting CBD from either the resin of the hemp plant, or strains of marijuana that contain high concentrations of the cannabinoid. The purpose of this extraction is to isolate cannabidiol from other cannabinoids – predominantly the psychoactive cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Once extracted, these oils can be infused into carrier oils or utilised in their concentrated form.
CBD oils work by interacting with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), a neuro-transmitting system which works to maintain homeostasis – a state of internal balance – in humans. The human body produces its own cannabinoids – namely endocannabinoids – and these chemical compounds aid in the regulation of the internal environment.
An illustration of the human endocannabinoid system, highlighting the location of the CB1 and CB2 receptors as well as the cannabinoids they interact with. Source
The ECS is made up of two receptors – the Cannabis Receptor 1(CB1) and Cannabis Receptor 2 (CB2). When consumed, the cannabinoids in CBD oils interact with the CB2 receptors, influencing the regulation of the internal environment – just like our innate endocannabinoids would.
The CB2 receptors can be found in the immune system, spleen and gastrointestinal system. Some of the functions they regulate are;
- Pain and; and
- Motor function.
How can CBD Oils be administered?
According to Drugpolicy.org, there are four methods through which cannabis can be consumed. The same applies to CBD oils – they can be consumed using the same methods:
- Inhalation – Via vapourisers and vape pens.
- Orally – Infused into food and drink.
- Topically – Applied directly to the skin.
- Sublingually – Placed under the tongue till absorption occurs.
Is CBD Oil legal in Hobart?
Yes, CBD oils are legal in Hobart. However, they are not readily accessible to the general public. Per Australian law, CBD is a Schedule 4 item under the Therapeutic Goods Act (TGA). In order to use or possess any CBD oils, one must obtain legal authorisation from the state via provisions made in the Special Access Scheme (SAS) as allowed by the TGA.
Based on the provisions of the TGA, the only variety of CBD oil permissible for medical distribution are oils derived from the hemp plant. The hemp plant contains little to no THC and poses no risk of intoxication whatsoever. Oils obtained from cannabis strains which contain high concentrates of cannabidiol – such as Sweet and Sour Widow and Ringo’s Gift – are strictly prohibited within the nation.
Under provisions made by the Office of Drug Control, oils derived from hemp – which contain less than 0.0075% cannabidiol and 0.005% tetrahydrocannabinol – can be sold to the general public. This is because hemp oils which contain less than 0.02% cannabidiol are not considered therapeutic goods. These oils can be found in a number of health and beauty shops around Hobart.
CBD oils containing more than 0.0075% CBD and 0.005% THC are prohibited. Being caught in possession of oils in these concentrates can land you in trouble law enforcement.
Where can I buy CBD oil in Hobart?
Non-therapeutic hemp oils can be sourced in health and beauty shops around the city. The hemp products sold legally in stores (over the counter) contain very little amounts of CBD and offer no medicinal advantages when consumed.
Therapeutic CBD oils – oils which contain more than 0.02% cannabidiol – cannot be purchased without proper authorisation by licensed medical practitioners or the state. These substances are not available for over-the-counter (OTC) purchases.
The molecular structure of cannabidiol, a cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant. Source
Currently, there are no licensed medical marijuana dispensaries in Hobart, Tasmania.
CBD oils are made by extracting cannabidiol from the cannabis plant and infusing the substance with carrier oils. They interact with the CB2 receptors – cannabis receptors present in the endocannabinoid system – to influence bodily functions. They can be consumed in a number of ways, just like marijuana. CBD oils are legal in Hobart but are a controlled substance under the Therapeutic Goods Act (TGA). In order to access and purchase therapeutic CBD oils, individuals must obtain proper authorisation from a licensed medical practitioner or the state.