What are main ways you can group types of Cannabis plant?
Marijuana users have become spoilt for choice as the increasing acceptance of marijuana paves the way for the developments currently seen across the industry. However, this increase in variety has both positive and negative aspects. Many new names and labels have been created, as producers are always keen on cultivating and promoting the next ‘ultimate’ marijuana strain in order to hold onto their share of the market.
As a result, the distinctions of cannabis species has become complicated. Most people agree on three broadly overlapping categories, namely the indica -- the uplifting, the sativa -- the sedating, and the hybrids.
But even these categories aren’t as accurately prescriptive as they’ve been made out to be in Australia’s current cannabis culture. According to research, there’s little evidence to prove there are clearly marked parallels between the profiles of strains placed in these categories. One of the prime factors for categorising strains is their physical appearance and growth patterns. However, these factors do not provide reliable, predictive requirements for grouping marijuana strains.
With the proliferation of strands brought about by the commercialisation of marijuana, taxonomy is going haywire
What are Cannabis Sativa and Indica?
Sativa strains are physically distinguishable by their tall, thin formation (some strains can reach up to 25 feet) that makes them better suited for outdoor cultivation. They’re known to generate energetic, uplifting highs that make them best-suited for use during the day. Other trademark benefits include enhanced focus and anti-depressive effects. Chief among the sativa strains are Purple Haze and Mauwei Wauwei.
Purple haze -- a typical sativa that brims with energy
Indica strains are shorter, denser, and bushier, with relatively high proportions of CBD (cannabidiol), which is renowned for its emollient, restorative qualities. As such, most medical strains that are cultivated for CBD content are usually drawn from this category. Indica strains are identified by their capacity to sedate and deflate nerve tension. This makes them better suited for treating pain, anxiety, insomnia, and other physical problems.
Indica strains are shorter, more bushy and richer in CBD content
What are Different Strains of Cannabis Known for?
Some of the major qualities of indica strains include mental relaxation, muscle relaxation, pain relief, nausea treatment, and dopamine stimulation. On the other hand, sativa strains are identified by qualities such as anti-anxiety, focus and creativity enhancement, anti-depressant, serotonin stimulation, and many more.
The dominant qualities of a cannabis strain depends on several factors, including subjective factors such as your unique body chemistry, tolerance levels, consumption method, and dosages.
As such, there’s no comprehensive scientific evidence that supports the broad generalisations concerning the dominant qualities of strains in each of these categories. In other words, not all sativas will boost your mood, and not all indicas will have calming effects. In order to find the best-suited strain for you, you need to decipher how each of these factors can influence your experience with various strands.
How can you get Australian Cannabis Sativa?
Medical and recreational marijuana are becoming more socially acceptable, and this acceptance is pushing the discussion about legalisation on a federal level. However, to date only medical marijuana is legal in Australia, and patients need many medical checks in order to get a doctor’s prescription that qualifies them to purchase medical marijuana. The sale of medical marijuana is tightly regulated.
While one state and two territories have decriminalised the possession of small quantities of cannabis, the cultivation, sale, distribution and consumption of cannabis products are still outlawed across the greater parts of the country. It is illegal to purchase marijuana without a valid medical prescription in Australia.
But despite this reality, the internet has many self-declared online marijuana vendors who claim they can ship weed straight to your doorstep. One way to ensure that you steer clear from these schemes is to do a thorough background check on the vendors to verify their claims.
Regardless of the laws criminalising the possession, sale and use of marijuana in Australia, there is still a vibrant marijuana black market found in the streets of various towns and cities. That’s because the government’s policy approach towards addressing the use of marijuana has been less punitive and more focused on minimising the harm.
As such, it’s possible for you to purchase quantities from credible online vendors, as law enforcement have been known to overlook minor offenses involving small quantities of marijuana. In Australia, hydroponically cultivated strains cost A$300 -$320 an ounce, while strains cultivated outdoor costs between A$200 - $299.
Australian Cannabis Sativa
Australia is nearly self-sufficient when it comes to growing the marijuana they consume. Australia’s climate is highly favorable for both indoor and outdoor cultivation. According to a survey published by the National Drug and Alcohol Research Center in its 2009 edition of Drug Trends Bulletin, hydroponic marijuana was rated to have strong potency and psychoactive qualities.
Many Australian breeders have spent years honing and optimising their hybrid strains to suit specific purposes. However, how they are classified can be up for debate, and the effects of each are heavily influenced by personal factors such as body chemistry. When Australia legalises cannabis, there should be a healthy market with many different engineered strains, ready to go.